Wednesday, October 14, 2009

Obstacles in the path

There are so many paths, so many methods of getting there, so many masters for guidance, so many options... but there is failure in every path. Now, here I am talking of both temporary failures and permanent failures. Temporary failures are when one keeps trying and trying hard to evolve and grow but repeatedly faces obstacles and is pulled down everytime. Then on struggle is able to evolve but cannot stay there for long and tumbles back. This is temporary failure. Permanent failure is when there are repeated temporary failures and finally one gives up in frustration. One may wonder why one keeps sliding back to the old ways. (Read more on Falling Back To My Old Ways)

Here one imporant thing to note is that permanent failures are almost neglible because once one gets the spark of the truth of life then it is very difficult to let go off that spark completely. Inspite of the repeated downfalls, frustrations, vanity, that spark will always keep sparking after a temporary period of despair and that will motivate one to move up again.

Surprisingly, not many are aware why these obstacles occur and why one keeps falling down. Why are all not able to make a same-level progress even if the master or guru is one or if the path followed is one. Why do some people move up with least effort and without much obstacles and why do some constantly face obstacles.

One most important thing to know here is that one should never ever compare one's growth with someone else even if others are following your path, following one guru, following on instruction, following one practice, following same austerities, following same religion, following same rituals, yes, even if two individuals are of the same age, born at the same precise time, even if both started their practice at the same day. This is because of different karmic impressions that both carry. Each and every single human being born is born with a soul agenda that is based on their prior karma. The more the karmic debts, the more rigorous practice is required. Human birth means an opportunity to the soul to clear its karma. The moment a soul gets an understanding of this, the soul takes an inclination towards spirituality and begins working on the karma (irrespective of whether one even knows what karma is!)

Now, what is the struggle that we often mention? One can understand if closely observed that it need not be a struggle. Struggle happens when the negativity within refuses to leave the soul and allow positivity in. So in simple words it is actually the tussle between the positive and the negative. More negative karma means more negative energy one is holding. When one begins walking on the path, the first thing that is challenged is this negative holding and the moment it is challenged it creates a friction as it does not want to leave. One has been carrying these impurities (negative energy) since so many lives and it does not become easy for the soul to release it easily. One consciously knows that these must be released but on the other end one unconsiously holds on to them very dearly. One example is when one learns one fine day that it is not right to get angry on others. A religous person may feel this is a sin since he read it somewhere or some religious preacher told him this. A spiritual person will understand that emiting anger on others is sending out negative energy to that person which will have an impact on the person the anger is directed to and also have an impact on the self as law of karma acts and one has to reap the after effects of that action too. In both cases, both are aware that anger is not good. Both category people stop getting angry. So, whenever the occasion arises where one has to get angry, one suppresses it and does not allow it to come out. In this case, what one is doing may feel to be right to the person practising it, but in reality this is not the right way. Anger is a human emotion and if it has to be conquered one has to work on the root level.

Here in this example the stoppage of anger is only superficial. Let us know that anger has already been generated but only thing is that it has not been spilled out. Once the anger is generated it has to go somewhere, but one supresses it. This causes trouble as whatever is suppressed has not disappeared and will continue to find its way out of the physical body. This then turns into irritation, tension, nervous problems and even finds its way out in the form of physical and mental illness. What should be understood here is that some measure should be taken so that anger should not be created itself so that there is no necessity to supress or hide it. Then one notices that the moment one has stepped into spirituality there are more problems than ever. This is what gives birth to struggle. The conscious mind wants to get rid of a negativity and the subconscious mind rejects this idea. One has to deeply work deep down at the subconscious level to uproot negativities.

How is this to be done? This is where your real spiritual practices only can help. This is why only having knowledge about spirituality or only reading spiritual books can never elevate one to higher realms. Please understand that the moment you decide to purify yourself and evolve, your challenges will begin. Now, it is up to you to not let these challenges be labelled into problems. They will become problems if you do not understand the science of how these things work at deeper and subtler levels. There are people who feel very overwhelmed with the obstacles and wonder how spirituality can create problems instead of decreasing them. Remember, they are not created. These negativities that lie in different corners of your soul are brought to the front so that they can be faced, worked upon and released, one by one. The moment you begin with your spiritual practices, there is a surge of positive energy into you that will first hit the negative energy. When this sleeping negative energy gets the zap of this positive energy, it immediately raises its hood to prevent being dislodged from where it has been comfortably resting since ages. This is where the challenge is. At such times, one should be calm and understand that the purification work has begun. It may be very unpleasant, irritating, painful as these are being released. Lot of changes will start happening. Your life will start rearranging itself very rapidly and you will notice rapid changes happening in your life; this will include losses. (For more symptoms please read my previous post on Symptoms of Ascension) All these will look very alarming and frightening but if you trust in the divine process and trust in your determination to evolve, then please know that you will be also provided with the right assistance and right support at the right time. You will never be given more than you can handle. Patience and continuance of your spiritual practices will help certainly even though they may look useless at times. (Also read Waves of Transformation for help in this regard)

All the above I have spoken before in my posts here, but what I want to importantly convey this time is very important for all spiritual aspirants, whichever path you are on.

There is a myth with many spiritual aspirants that one can "get away" with just doing rituals or practising meditation and other spiritual practices. It is very important to note that before walking on any path what is very essential for your success in spirituality will be your honestly and sincerity to become "clean" both in and out first. I would highly advise you to not try any spiritual practice if your heart and mind are not convinced that you need to first make an intent that you become pure. When I say become pure, it means practising what you preach and following every spiritual discipline yourself first. For example, if you talk to others about honesty and expect the world to be honest, then you first got to be honest yourself, a must that you not lie in thoughts, words and deeds.

The father of yoga, Patanjali, a humble physician who became one of the world's greatest sages who roamed India somewhere between 200 B.C. and 200 A.D. revealed long ago the steps to enlightenment. They are:

1. Yama (nonviolence, truth and honesty, refrain from stealing, nonlust, nonpossessiveness)
2. Niyama (purity, contentment, austerity, svadhyaya, awareness)
3. Asana (posture)
4. Pranayama (control of breath)
5. Pratyahara (withdrawal of senses)
6. Dharana (concentration)
7. Dhyana (meditation)
8. Samadhi (enlightenment)

All those who seek and working towards enlightenment, have a look at the above. Enlightenment is at the 8th point. For achieving the enlightenment what most of the seekers do is meditation. Look at where meditation is - it's at the 7th point! That is why many fail to achieve results because the mind is still full of impurities and cannot go any further.

For any spiritual seeker, these above eight points are a must and they must be practiced in the same sequence. Before jumping straight into meditation - know, acknowledge, and practice the 6 points that come before meditation. Purify yourself and your will know how easier it then becomes to sit in meditation and move towards your goal. If not in sequence, at least practice all the 7 of them simultaneously but do not skip any of them; it won't work!
(Read more in the article on Eight Limbs of Pantanjali)

There are bigger challenges that you need to first acknowledge within yourself and then think about self-realization or liberation or salvation. Liberation or self-realization will never come to you if you are not vibrating at the purest level, though it may give you a false feeling that you are doing great on the spiritual path. Yes, there are these challenges that must be acknowledged first in yourself - ego, lust, fear, anger, attachment, pride. I mentioned the word "acknowledge" many times here because unless you acknowledge that these are there within you, there is no chance that you can work over it. Liberation is to first liberate yourself from these major aspects in you. Again, these should not be practised incorrectly (superficially) as the example of anger mentioned above. The same applies to ego, lust, fear, anger, attachment and pride. For many aspirants it becomes a feeling that these have been mastered these but what one will really not know is that they have actually been suppressed and not destroyed. Now, when one begins working on these aspects and simultaneously practising their path, then they are on the right track, for the real work of purification has begun. Acknowledge, accept and then release. Acknowledge not to the world but to yourself. Acknowledge only to yourself when you possess the negativities and acknowledge only to yourself when you conquer these! Let not a soul know about it.

Some tips that can help one be aware of these challenges and work on them simultaneously.
  • ~ Be aware at all times of your thoughts, words and actions.
  • ~ Keep reminding yourself whenever the challenges come up that you are going to overcome them.
  • ~ Follow your path with all your heart.
  • ~ Meditate regularly.
  • ~ If you are ritualistic, do it with your heart and devotion with the intention of being purified in the process.
  • ~ Respect every path, every method, every practice, every guru, every soul.
  • ~ Accept yourself as you are and what you are. In the process, you will start accepting everyone as they are without wanting to change them. (You do not know their soul agenda and what they have come to experience and learn and thus you have no right to interfere into their soul agenda. Allow them to experience and learn, but guide and assist if they allow to.)
  • ~ Forgive yourself and in this process you will forgive others.
  • ~ Love yourself unconditionally and in the process your will start loving everyone and everything unconditionally (this is one of the biggest challenge for every aspirant but this is ultimately the golden quality that every great liberated master who walked on earth possessed!) When one learns to love unconditionally, forgiveness and accepting all as they are will automatically happen and even vice versa!
  • ~ Turn away from negativity and anything that vibrates and promotes negativity (visual stuff, reading stuff, audible stuff, tasting stuff and touching stuff) In brief I am mentioning about withdrawal from the gratification of five senses of sight, touch, taste, hear, smell)
  • ~ Refuse and say NO with confidence to anything that your conscience does not approve of.
  • ~ Practice one small act of kindness anywhere you can at every given opportunity.
  • ~ Share with others what you are fortunate of - wealth, knowledge, food, clothing, etc.
  • ~ Respect everything in nature and bless it.
  • ~ Turn to sattvic (pure) food, thoughts, actions.
  • ~ Avoid debates on spirituality right and wrongs.
  • ~ Never find fault or criticize any person, religion, faith, guru, or path. If you are doing so, know that you are doing this beyond your right and there is a great price to be paid for this.
  • ~ Treat little children and bigger children (old) with respect and love.
  • ~ Be patient and kind with the ignorant.
  • ~ Never preach or force these morals on other people, how much ever right you may feel you are or how much ever wrong you may feel they are.
  • ~ Bless everything and everyone. Blessings and prayers are nothing but your positive energy that you direct to them that does do a great help though you may not see it with your physical eyes. It comes back manifold in the same form that you give. Once you know this, you will know how important it is not to curse others or send any form of negative energy towards others.
  • ~ Seek inward not outward.
  • ~ Simplify your life. Spirituality is not about complicating but simplifying.
  • ~ Do not keep discussing about your spiritual experiences and growth to all. Do not discuss until you are blessed with the ability of making them experience what you have experienced.
Your spiritual growth is not to be measured by the amount of knowledge you have about every single thing in spirituality and so let not your aim be to read more, learn more, search more, ask
more, understand more, see more, but to simply practice more. When you begin practicing the path with all sincerity and faith, all that you need shall come to you. There were great saints and masters who never knew to even read and write but they possessed priceless knowledge, techniques and secrets of living and enlightenment. They never had internet or libraries but they all relied on their inner powers to access the valuable knowledge. Seek inward not outward. Let each and every cell in your body vibrate with the intention of purifying the self and every challenge shall turn to be milestones in your journey.

Forget the destination, enjoy the journey :) Stay blessed!

Moving with the guidance of Patanjali

Article Courtesy: The Eight Limbs , The Core of Yoga, by William J.D. Doran

The practice of yoga is an art and science dedicated to creating union between body, mind and spirit. Its objective is to assist the practitioner in using the breath and body to foster an awareness of ourselves as individualized beings intimately connected to the unified whole of creation. In short it is about making balance and creating equanimity so as to live in peace, good health and harmony with the greater whole. This art of right living was perfected and practiced in India thousands of years ago and the foundations of yoga philosophy were written down in The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali, approximately 200 AD. This sacred text describes the inner workings of the mind and provides an eight-step blueprint for controlling its restlessness so as to enjoying lasting peace.

The core of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra is an eight-limbed path that forms the structural framework for yoga practice. Upon practicing all eight limbs of the path it becomes self-evident that no one element is elevated over another in a hierarchical order. Each is part of a holistic focus which eventually brings completeness to the individual as they find their connectivity to the divine. Because we are all uniquely individual a person can emphasize one branch and then move on to another as they round out their understanding.

In brief the eight limbs, or steps to yoga, are as follows:

1. Yama : Universal morality
2. Niyama : Personal observances
3. Asanas : Body postures
4. Pranayama : Breathing exercises, and control of prana
5. Pratyahara : Control of the senses
6. Dharana : Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness
7. Dhyana : Devotion, Meditation on the Divine
8. Samadhi : Union with the Divine

The first two limbs that Patanjali describes are the fundamental ethical precepts called yamas, and the niyamas. These can also be looked at as universal morality and personal observances. Yamas and niyamas are the suggestions given on how we should deal with people around us and our attitude toward ourselves. The attitude we have toward things and people outside ourselves is yama, how we relate to ourselves inwardly is niyama. Both are mostly concerned with how we use our energy in relationship to others and to ourselves.

The yamas are broken down into five "wise characteristics." Rather than a list of dos and don’ts, "they tell us that our fundamental nature is compassionate, generous, honest and peaceful." i They are as follows:

I. Yamas (Universal Morality)

1. Ahimsa – Compassion for all living things
The word ahimsa literally mean not to injure or show cruelty to any creature or any person in any way whatsoever. Ahimsa is, however, more than just lack of violence as adapted in yoga. It means kindness, friendliness, and thoughtful consideration of other people and things. It also has to do with our duties and responsibilities too. Ahimsa implies that in every situation we should adopt a considerate attitude and do no harm.

2. Satya – Commitment to Truthfulness
Satya means "to speak the truth," yet it is not always desirable to speak the truth on all occasions, for it could harm someone unnecessarily. We have to consider what we say, how we say it, and in what way it could affect others. If speaking the truth has negative consequences for another, then it is better to say nothing. Satya should never come into conflict with our efforts to behave with ahimsa. This precept is based on the understanding that honest communication and action form the bedrock of any healthy relationship, community, or government, and that deliberate deception, exaggerations, and mistruths harm others.

3. Asteya - Non-stealing
Steya means "to steal"; asteya is the opposite-to take nothing that does not belong to us. This also means that if we are in a situation where someone entrusts something to us or confides in us, we do not take advantage of him or her. Non-stealing includes not only taking what belongs to another without permission, but also using something for a different purpose to that intended, or beyond the time permitted by its owner.iii The practice of asteya implies not taking anything that has not been freely given. This includes fostering a consciousness of how we ask for others’ time for inconsiderate behavior demanding another’s attention when not freely given is, in effect, stealing.

4. Brahmacharya - Sense control
Brahmacharya is used mostly in the sense of abstinence, particularly in relationship to sexual activity. Brahmacharya suggests that we should form relationships that foster our understanding of the highest truths. Brahmacharya does not necessarily imply celibacy. Rather, it means responsible behavior with respect to our goal of moving toward the truth. Practicing brahmacharya means that we use our sexual energy to regenerate our connection to our spiritual self. It also means that we don’t use this energy in any way that might harm others.

5. Aparigraha - Neutralizing the desire to acquire and hoard wealth
Aparigraha means to take only what is necessary, and not to take advantage of a situation or act greedy. We should only take what we have earned; if we take more, we are exploiting someone else. The yogi feels that the collection or hoarding of things implies a lack of faith in God and in himself to provide for his future.v Aparigraha also implies letting go of our attachments to things and an understanding that impermanence and change are the only constants.

The Yoga Sutra describes what happens when these five behaviors outlined above become part of a person's daily life. Thus, the yamas are the moral virtues which, if attended to, purify human nature and contribute to health and happiness of society.

II. Niyama (Personal Observances)

Niyama means "rules" or "laws." These are the rules prescribed for personal observance. Like the yamas, the five niyamas are not exercises or actions to be simply studied. They represent far more than an attitude. Compared with the yamas, the niyamas are more intimate and personal. They refer to the attitude we adopt toward ourselves as we create a code for living soulfully

1. Sauca - Purity
The first niyama is sauca, meaning purity and cleanliness. Sauca has both an inner and an outer aspect. Outer cleanliness simply means keeping ourselves clean. Inner cleanliness has as much to do with the healthy, free functioning of our bodily organs as with the clarity of our mind. Practicing asanas or pranayama are essential means for attending to this inner sauca. Asanas tones the entire body and removes toxins while pranayama cleanses our lungs, oxygenates our blood and purifies our nerves. "But more important than the physical cleansing of the body is the cleansing of the mind of its disturbing emotions like hatred, passion, anger, lust, greed, delusion and pride."

2. Santosa - Contentment
Another niyama is santosa, modesty and the feeling of being content with what we have. To be at peace within and content with one's lifestyle finding contentment even while experiencing life’s difficulties for life becomes a process of growth through all kinds of circumstances. We should accept that there is a purpose for everything - yoga calls it karma – and we cultivate contentment 'to accept what happens'. It means being happy with what we have rather than being unhappy about what we don't have.

3. Tapas – Disciplined use of our energy
Tapas refers to the activity of keeping the body fit or to confront and handle the inner urges without outer show. Literally it means to heat the body and, by so doing, to cleanse it. Behind the notion of tapas lies the idea we can direct our energy to enthusiastically engage life and achieve our ultimate goal of creating union with the Divine. Tapas helps us burn up all the desires that stand in our way of this goal. Another form of tapas is paying attention to what we eat. Attention to body posture, attention to eating habits, attention to breathing patterns - these are all tapas.

4. Svadhyaya – Self study
The fourth niyama is svadhyaya. Sva means "self' adhyaya means "inquiry" or "examination". Any activity that cultivates self-reflective consciousness can be considered svadhyaya. It means to intentionally find self-awareness in all our activities and efforts, even to the point of welcoming and accepting our limitations. It teaches us to be centered and non-reactive to the dualities, to burn out unwanted and self-destructive tendencies.

5. Isvarapranidhana - Surrender to God
Isvarapranidhana means "to lay all your actions at the feet of God." It is the contemplation on God (Isvara) in order to become attuned to god and god's will. It is the recognition that the spiritual suffuses everything and through our attention and care we can attune ourselves with our role as part of the Creator. The practice requires that we set aside some time each day to recognize that there is some omnipresent force larger than ourselves that is guiding and directing the course of our lives.

III. Asanas (Body postures)

Asana is the practice of physical postures. It is the most commonly known aspect of yoga for those unfamiliar with the other seven limbs of Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra. The practice of moving the body into postures has widespread benefits; of these the most underlying are improved health, strength, balance and flexibility. On a deeper level the practice of asana, which means "staying" or "abiding" in Sanskrit, is used as a tool to calm the mind and move into the inner essence of being. The challenge of poses offers the practitioner the opportunity to explore and control all aspects of their emotions, concentration, intent, faith, and unity between the physical and the ethereal body. Indeed, using asanas to challenge and open the physical body acts as a binding agent to bring one in harmony with all the unseen elements of their being, the forces that shape our lives through our responses to the physical world. Asana then becomes a way of exploring our mental attitudes and strengthening our will as we learn to release and move into the state of grace that comes from creating balance between our material world and spiritual experience.

As one practices asana it fosters a quieting of the mind, thus it becomes both a preparation for meditation and a meditation sufficient in and of itself. Releasing to the flow and inner strength that one develops brings about a profound grounding spirituality in the body. The physicality of the yoga postures becomes a vehicle to expand the consciousness that pervades our every aspect of our body. The key to fostering this expansion of awareness and consciousness begins with the control of breath, the fourth limb – Pranayama. Patanjali suggests that the asana and the pranayama practices will bring about the desired state of health; the control of breath and bodily posture will harmonize the flow of energy in the organism, thus creating a fertile field for the evolution of the spirit. "This down-to-earth, flesh-and-bones practice is simply one of the most direct and expedient ways to meet yourself. … This limb of yoga practice reattaches us to our body. In reattaching ourselves to our bodies we reattach ourselves to the responsibility of living a life guided by the undeniable wisdom of our body."viii To this B.K.S. Iyengar adds: "The needs of the body are the needs of the divine spirit which lives through the body. The yogi does not look heaven-ward to find God for he know that He is within."

IV. Pranayama (Breath Control)

Pranayama is the measuring, control, and directing of the breath. Pranayama controls the energy (prana) within the organism, in order to restore and maintain health and to promote evolution. When the in-flowing breath is neutralized or joined with the out-flowing breath, then perfect relaxation and balance of body activities are realized. In yoga, we are concerned with balancing the flows of vital forces, then directing them inward to the chakra system and upward to the crown chakra.

Pranayama, or breathing technique, is very important in yoga. It goes hand in hand with the asana or pose. In the Yoga Sutra, the practices of pranayama and asana are considered to be the highest form of purification and self discipline for the mind and the body, respectively. The practices produce the actual physical sensation of heat, called tapas, or the inner fire of purification. It is taught that this heat is part of the process of purifying the nadis, or subtle nerve channels of the body. This allows a more healthful state to be experienced and allows the mind to become more calm.x As the yogi follows the proper rhythmic patterns of slow deep breathing "the patterns strengthen the respiratory system, soothe the nervous system and reduce craving. As desires and cravings diminish, the mind is set free and becomes a fit vehicle for concentration."

V. Pratyahara (Control of the Senses)

Pratyahara means drawing back or retreat. The word ahara means "nourishment"; pratyahara translates as "to withdraw oneself from that which nourishes the senses." In yoga, the term pratyahara implies withdrawal of the senses from attachment to external objects. It can then be seen as the practice of non-attachment to sensorial distractions as we constantly return to the path of self realization and achievement of internal peace. It means our senses stop living off the things that stimulate; the senses no longer depend on these stimulants and are not fed by them any more.

In pratyahara we sever this link between mind and senses, and the senses withdraw. When the senses are no longer tied to external sources, the result is restraint or pratyahara. Now that the vital forces are flowing back to the Source within, one can concentrate without being distracted by externals or the temptation to cognize externals.

Pratyahara occurs almost automatically when we meditate because we are so absorbed in the object of meditation. Precisely because the mind is so focused, the senses follow it; it is not happening the other way around.

No longer functioning in their usual manner, the senses become extraordinarily sharp. Under normal circumstances the senses become our masters rather than being our servants. The senses entice us to develop cravings for all sorts of things. In pratyahara the opposite occurs: when we have to eat we eat, but not because we have a craving for food. In pratyahara we try to put the senses in their proper place, but not cut them out of our actions entirely.

Much of our emotional imbalance are our own creation. A person who is influenced by outside events and sensations can never achieve the inner peace and tranquility. This is because he or she will waste much mental and physical energy in trying to suppress unwanted sensations and to heighten other sensations. This will eventually result in a physical or mental imbalance, and will, in most instances, result in illness.

Patanjali says that the above process is at the root of human unhappiness and uneasiness. When people seek out yoga, hoping to find that inner peace which is so evasive, they find that it was theirs all along. In a sense, yoga is nothing more than a process which enables us to stop and look at the processes of our own minds; only in this way can we understand the nature of happiness and unhappiness, and thus transcend them both.

VI. Dharana (Concentration and cultivating inner perceptual awareness)

Dharana means "immovable concentration of the mind". The essential idea is to hold the concentration or focus of attention in one direction. "When the body has been tempered by asanas, when the mind has been refined by the fire of pranayama and when the senses have been brought under control by pratyahara, the sadhaka (seeker) reaches the sixth stage, dharana. Here he is concentrated wholly on a single point or on a task in which he is completely engrossed. The mind has to be stilled in order to achieve this state of complete absorption."xiii

In dharana we create the conditions for the mind to focus its attention in one direction instead of going out in many different directions. Deep contemplation and reflection can create the right conditions, and the focus on this one point that we have chosen becomes more intense. We encourage one particular activity of the mind and, the more intense it becomes, the more the other activities of the mind fall away.

The objective in dharana is to steady the mind by focusing its attention upon some stable entity. The particular object selected has nothing to do with the general purpose, which is to stop the mind from wandering -through memories, dreams, or reflective thought-by deliberately holding it single-mindedly upon some apparently static object. B.K.S. Iyengar states that the objective is to achieve the mental state where the mind, intellect, and ego are "all restrained and all these faculties are offered to the Lord for His use and in His service. Here there is no feeling of 'I' and 'mine'."

When the mind has become purified by yoga practices, it becomes able to focus efficiently on one subject or point of experience. Now we can unleash the great potential for inner healing.

VII. Dhyana (Devotion , Meditation on the Divine)

Dhyana means worship, or profound and abstract religious meditation. It is perfect contemplation. It involves concentration upon a point of focus with the intention of knowing the truth about it. The concept holds that when one focuses their mind in concentration on an object the mind is transformed into the shape of the object. Hence, when one focuses on the divine they become more reflective of it and they know their true nature. "His body, breath, senses, mind, reason and ego are all integrated in the object of his contemplation – the Universal Spirit."

During dhyana, the consciousness is further unified by combining clear insights into distinctions between objects and between the subtle layers of perception. "We learn to differentiate between the mind of the perceiver, the means of perception, and the objects perceived, between words, their meanings, and ideas, and between all the levels of evolution of nature."

As we fine-tune our concentration and become more aware of the nature of reality we perceive that the world is unreal. "The only reality is the universal self, or God, which is veiled by Maya (the illusory power). As the veils are lifted, the mind becomes clearer. Unhappiness and fear – even the fear of death – vanishes. This state of freedom, or Moksha, is the goal of Yoga. It can be reached by constant enquiry into the nature of things."xvii Meditation becomes our tool to see things clearly and perceive reality beyond the illusions that cloud our mind.

VIII. Samadhi (Union with the Divine)

The final step in the eight-fold path of Yoga is the attainment of Samadhi. Samadhi means "to bring together, to merge." In the state of samadhi the body and senses are at rest, as if asleep, yet the faculty of mind and reason are alert, as if awake; one goes beyond consciousness. During samadhi, we realize what it is to be an identity without differences, and how a liberated soul can enjoy pure awareness of this pure identity. The conscious mind drops back into that unconscious oblivion from which it first emerged.

Thus, samadhi refers to union or true Yoga. There is an ending to the separation that is created by the "I" and "mine" of our illusory perceptions of reality. The mind does not distinguish between self and non-self, or between the object contemplated and the process of contemplation. The mind and the intellect have stopped and there is only the experience of consciousness, truth and unutterable joy.

The achievement of samadhi is a difficult task. For this reason the Yoga Sutra suggests the practice of asanas and pranayama as preparation for dharana, because these influence mental activities and create space in the crowded schedule of the mind. Once dharana has occurred, dhyana and samadhi can follow.

These eight steps of yoga indicate a logical pathway that leads to the attainment of physical, ethical, emotional, and psycho-spiritual health. Yoga does not seek to change the individual; rather, it allows the natural state of total health and integration in each of us to become a reality.

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